It is important to differentiate between myths and discriminatory remarks. Discrimination bases its relevance on the color and the physical appearance of an individual or object as opposed to the myth. Conversely, Myths borrow some aspect of color and relevance but base their relevance on the beliefs of ancient people.
Myths relevance relies on the beliefs of the earlier people because they are most used to teach or explain the pattern of behaviour observed in different individuals. Therefore, it will be slightly overrated when an individual assumes that myths base their relevance on the color or physical appearance as opposed to the inherent behavior. However, it does not mean that it borrows the aspects of color and physical appearance to elucidate a particular meaning.
Westlake Chemical Corporation
Physical security is the term used to describe the security measures that are taken by organizations to prevent unauthorized access of entry to its facilities and equipments. The aim of the physical security is to protect the property and the human resources from the damages that can take the form of theft, espionage or even the terrorist attacks (Kovacich & Halibozek, 2003).
Physical Security Technologies
Companies apply multiple layers of the independent security that may include protective barriers, CCTV surveillance, access control protocols, protective barriers and use of the security guards. Currently, the CCTV is becoming outdated as more companies prefer to use the IP camera networks.
What are they used for?
The physical security systems are used to
Deter potential intruders by using perimeters markings and warning signs.
Access control is used to monitor and control the traffic in specific access points.
Key cards and access badges are important in the distinguishing the authorized people
Delay the process of intrusion
CCTV and intruder alarms are used in detecting intrusions and record the intruders
Access Technologies- provides the best in the physical security that is IP based, key less entry solutions.
Keyless entry solutions that have iris scan and fingerprints
Provide low cost ownership
Is easily integrated with IT in a seamless way
Video has huge bandwidth storage
Provides owners with ease of monitoring from anywhere
Video reports is delivered through email notifications
Why Invest in Physical Security
Investing physical security is important in the deterrence and prevention of the malevolent activities like sabotage and theft of the company’s property.
Having deterrence facilities makes it very hard for potential adversaries to try unauthorized activities that will not only injure the company but affects its services to the customers.
What is CPTED?
Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) is a method that applies the combination of the citizen participation, physical design and various law enforcement strategies in a comprehensive way to ensure the safety of the urban centres, public schools and entire neighbourhoods (Atlas, 2008).
Defence Strategies is one of the most applied methods of the CPTED and it involves the preventions of the property related crimes like breaking and entering households, auto theft by use of the five interconnected strategies that include land use planning, building the security on the ground, use of the perimeter security, developing interior security and constructions of the standards.
How can we apply CPTED
Maintaining landscape such that it signifies that somebody has occupied the space.
Plant trees in the residential areas to make it more attractive to be used hence becoming safer.
Restrict private activities to some define areas
By displaying of the security signage systems in the point of entry to deter unauthorized activities.
Scheduling all the activities done in the public areas to attract large number of the users.
While Surveillance cameras are good in deterrence and historical analysis, CPTED strategies are even better in influencing the decision of the offender who may be considering criminal acts.
This strategy can be applied by use of lighting, pavements, signs and fences to define and allocated spaces so as to encourage ownership and increased surveillance.
Atlas, R., (2008). 21st Century Security and CPTED: Designing for Critical Infrastructure Protection and Crime Prevention, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Ltd.
Kovacich, L., & Halibozek, P., (2003). The Manager’s Handbook for Corporate Security: Establishing and Managing a Successful Assets Protection Program. Butterworth- Heinemann. pp. 192193
WESTLAKE CHEMICAL CORPORATION 2
Running head: WESTLAKE CHEMICAL CORPORATION 1
Human Growth and Development
Human growth and development is the study of human life from conception to death. This study involves the different developmental milestones that humans undergo and different aspects that influence each stage of the development. The aspects of human development include the mental, physical, genetic and environmental. Each of these aspects has distinct characteristics and influence on the developmental stages in human beings.
The genetic aspect of development refers to the basic blueprint of the humans. This is inherited at conception from the fusion of the ovum and sperm during the fertilization process. Genetics therefore play an important role in the determination of an individual’s growth and development, influencing such aspects as height, complexion, color of eyes and hair as well as voice and sometimes temperament.
The mental aspect of development on the other hand refers to the cognitive development of an individual from conception to death. This follows a specific pattern, with organization of the system for information processing starting at infancy, readying the mind for the process of acquisition and storage of information, processing, regeneration and use of this knowledge.
The physical aspect of development is perhaps the most visible of all aspects as it involves growth and increase in size, weight and sometimes girth. Physical growth is rapid in the formative years of development from childhood into adolescence, and then slows down into adulthood. In the late adulthood, lose of weight, hair and even physical strength is noticeable as the body starts to disintegrate, with a higher decline in both, fine and gross motor skills.
The environment refers to the physical world that humans come into contact with during the development period. This takes include aspects such as nutrition, noise, the air around as well as the space within which one lives during the period of development.
Human growth and development starts at conception where the sperm fertilizes the ovum. After this, the fertilized egg is implanted in the uterus, developing into a zygote, which later develops into an embryo between the third and eighth week after conception. The embryo develops into the fetus between 9 weeks and at the time of birth. The sex of the embryo will however be determined by the type of sperm that fertilizes the egg, and its development to birth dependent on the mother’s nutrition and physical well being.
Infancy and childhood is the next stage after birth, between the ages of 0-11 years, characterized with growth in both the physiological and cognitive skills. This period is especially characterized with development of gross and fine motor skills such as grasping objects, walking and running as well as talking.
Adolescence starts from 12-20 years. Apart from rapid growth in individuals at this stage, emotional development is rapid with hormones playing a major role in the development as a way of leading into sexual maturity. The physical body undergoes many changes, with menstrual flow among the females, growth of breasts and sexual organs. For males, broader shoulders and deeper larynx characterize this stage. Most of these changes will however depend on the genetic characteristics inherent in these individuals, as well as aspects such as nutrition. Additionally, an attraction towards each other is strong with an increased level of self-awareness.
Adulthood precedes old age in human development. It is a period of complete physical development with both the fine and gross motor skills fully developed. At this time, one has fully inherited physical characteristics from the parents. However, the society around, the type of food eaten and the environment within which one lives may also heavily influence these characteristics, emotions and perspectives in life.
Human Growth and Development 2
Running head: Human Growth and Development 1
Leisure Mapping Essay
8:30-9:309:30-10:3010:30-12 noon12:00-2:00 pm2-4pm4-6pm6-10pmMondayWake up, head for the morning jog, then come back and showerTake my breakfast, check my mailbox for messagesLeave home for schoolAttend Kine 1000 classAttend Kine 1020 classTake a lunch break, Go to the gym for exerciseHead back home, go out with friendsStay with familyTuesdayWake up, go for a jog, and then showerTake my breakfast, check my mailbox for messagesGo to workGo to the gym. Then take a bus homeGo the cinemas, then head home to sleepWednesdayWake up, go for a jog, and then showerTake my breakfast, check my mailbox for messagesCycle to schoolAttend Kine 1000 classAttend Kine 1020 classTake a lunch break, Take a bus back homeGo to the gymGo out with my friendsThursdayWake up, go for a jog, and then showerTake my breakfast, check my mailbox for messages
Attend group discussions in school
Go to work
Watch a basketball gameGo to bed earlyFridayWake up, go for a jog, and then showerTake breakfast and check mailTake a bus to schoolAttend Kine 1020 classRelaxKine 1000 tutorialAttend Psychology 1010 classGo for social event with friends and family, or go for a road tripSaturdayStill asleepShower, Do laundry, and participate in community activities Go for a picnic with familyWatch a movie with friend or familygo for a leisure walk Watch television at homeGo to bed earlySundayStill asleep Wake up, take a shower, and take breakfastGo swimmingHangout with familyGo to bed early
Leisure Mapping Essay
Leisure forms one of the major ways that humans spend their time. Whether it is taking part in intensive physical activity or spending time with family, leisure is bound to take a considerable proportion of time each day. The choice of the leisure activity is based on the socio-cultural conditions of an individual. These socio-cultural factors range from religious, social, educational, political, biological, and environmental factors. I have conducted an evaluation of my leisure activities by using a leisure map and identified the most dominant leisure activities that characterize my everyday life, and related the observation to the socio-cultural factors surrounding the leisure activities.
My Leisure Activities
According to Wankel (2013), leisure is defined as the time that is left after work and activities that a person is engaged in during his or her discretionary time. The author argues that the definition cannot be complete without incorporating an element of freedom and competence. The feeling that the activity elicits has also been included in the definition, by incorporating the fact that leisure should result in a sense of enjoyment and satisfaction (Kelly, 1980). This explains the reason why I have not classified some activities done during free time as leisure. Leisure, recreation, and sports share a common approach in kinesiology, yet the disparity in their definitions tells of the motivation behind an individual’s participation.
My most dominant leisure activities from the time map are exercising in the gym and running. I have identified that I usually wake up early and spend time running during the spring and the summers. I have also realized that the time I allocate to running is higher during the weekdays and shorter during the weekends. The rest of my leisure time is spent with my family in socializing activities and watching television or going to the cinema.
A person’s interest determines the type of leisure activity in which they indulge. However, various socio-cultural factors have an influence on the type of leisure activities (Prezi, 2013). These are social, religious, biological, political, and environmental factors. Since my most prominent recreational activities are going to the gym and running during the weekday then it is obvious that environmental, social, economic, and biological factors have a major influence on my recreational activities. I have evaluated two of the socio-cultural factors that are most dominant in my leisure activities
The environmental factor is one of the most dominant in influencing my recreation. The environmental factors include weather and the climate pattern, topography, the residence, that is, if it is urban or rural, and the presence of recreational parks. Research has shown that aspects of the school, home, community, and workplace environments influence the ability and enthusiasm to participate in physical activities (CDC, 2012).
My town presents readily available and attractive leisure resources such as gyms, walking paths, and swimming pools. The overall aesthetic and the perceived safety of this environment have influenced a number of my friends and neighbors to undertake these activities as well. The weather restricts movement in that during winter, it is difficult for me to go out for a jog. Presence of rain also makes it difficult to go out running. Similarly, other extreme weather conditions such as fog, wind, and extreme cold could have a health impact on my ability to participate in one of my favorite leisure activity. On the other hand, favorable weather conditions favor outdoor activities over the indoor ones (Klavora, 2010). The leisure map presented here represents the depiction of my activities during the warmer periods of the year. In case the weather conditions change to extreme, the majority of the morning leisure activities are replaced by indoor leisure activities such as watching movies and reading books.
The environment that I live in also contains several gyms for working out. The gyms are further backed by the fact that they are in the residential areas. In my case, there are about six residential gyms in my town. The membership fee is greatly subsidized and many of my friends and colleagues are members. Because of this reason, it became easier for me to enroll in one of the gyms and become an active member. Contrary to my case, it would have been very difficult for a person who has the nearest gym hundreds of miles away. For such a person, only the distance, leave alone the cost of going to the gym will discourage them from participating in this leisure activity.
I have always avoided mountainous topography in my jogging activities. The topography of an area is its landscape. Poor landscape such as mountainous and hilly surrounding incapacitates these outdoor activities such as running and jogging. The presence of recreational parks also contributes to my recreation activity. I live in a neighborhood where parks are just a walking distance away. There are also several road trails that lead right outside my yard. This has encouraged me to participate in outdoor activities. It is possible that the selection of the outdoor activities would have been different in case the neighborhood did not have any parks.
Active Living Research proves that indeed the presence of recreational facilities in ones environment such as presence of gyms and running trails act as a motivation for one to participate in these types of activities (Hoffman, 2013). It has also been established that the proximity to this parks also plays a major role in making one to participate in such activities as running. Considering that I live in an urban area, I am advantaged in the sense that I have a high chance of accessing facilities such as the gym for practice. Living in rural setting is a disadvantage because some of these facilities like parks and gyms may not be available.
One of the factors determining the distribution of my leisure activities is the accessibility. I live in a town where I have an easy access to a gym facility. At the same time, the town parks and roads have running tracts that are ideal for an outdoor running activity (GOV, 2013). The motivation to participate therefore lies in the availability and close proximity to these facilities. While travelling to visit relatives living in rural areas, it is impossible to continue with these leisure activities. This is despite the fact there exists parks and space where running activities can be carried out. This explains why the next point is the most important aspect to consider when evaluating the participation in leisure activities
When looking at the social factors in an environment, safety comes out most profoundly in determining my participation in outdoor activities. Studies that have previously been conducted indicate that some criminal activities may prevent adults and children from going to certain recreational facilities such as parks (Outley Floyd, 2002). Safety provides me with the assurance that taking part in that leisure activity will not result in harm or injury. An incidence concerning safety can have a spiraling effect on participation as participants shun the ark for fear of harm. Once others realize that the numbers of participants have decreased, they also consider alternative recreational activities, or opt for the same recreational activity at a different location (Klavora, 2010).
Another social factor that affect running as a recreational activity is early exposure to these recreational activities by family and friends (Klavora, 2010). For instance, while growing up, my family and I have always been participating in social outdoor activities. We loved to jog as a family especially in the morning. This could be one of the reasons why up to date running is still one of my favorite leisure activities.
On the other hand, the major reason why I started going to the gym was due to peer pressure. While growing up, I began establishing friends and close confidants. Most of our activities were centered on being different from the rest. At the same time, we also did not want to be left behind in the latest activities being undertaken by everyone else. This explains why at the age of sixteen when every other neighbor was enrolling on the gym, we also decided to enroll. While the initial decision was due to peer pressure, the decision to continue participating to date is based on the need to maintain a healthy lifestyle, and be physically fit.
The above scenarios have attempted to explain the motivation that initiated my participation in the leisure activities in the first place. What drives my continues participation, and the duration of participation in the leisure activities is the availability of leisure time. This calls for the need to go back to the definition of leisure in order to identify the determinants to the amount of time that is allocated to these activities. Leisure is defined as the activities that an individual takes part in aside from the normal life activities such as work, school, and other activities essential for living such as sleep and eating. This means that leisure is given secondary priority after the fulfillment of the normal life activities.
This explains the reason why when I have a class, I forego leisure activities and attend the class. In case it is possible to undertake both activities simultaneously, then this provides a perfect opportunity to enjoy what I am doing by incorporating what I like doing. The leisure map also indicated that a large portion of leisure activities take place in small chunks during the weekdays rather than in one large block during the weekend as I had anticipated. On average, I spend about four hours per day undertaking rigorous leisure activities such as going the gym, swimming, and jogging.
The other consideration that determines the choice of the leisure activity is the social acceptance status of the activity (Klavora, 2010). While in my case running does not involve teamwork, and interactions are at a minimum, the exercise activities undertaken in the gym involves some degree of social interaction. These interactions involve sharing of facilities, sharing light discussions and participating in group exercises. The reason why I have developed a sense of belonging in my gym lessons is the close interaction that I have established with my colleagues and instructors. Some of my current friends are from my gym training classes, an indication of the closeness that I have established with the sport. I have to admit that this closeness is a result of a long time participation in the sport. This is in comparison to the feeling of exclusion that I usually experience when I go swimming on weekends. I can attribute this isolation to the fact that I still swim on the shallow end of the swimming pool because I am still an amateur in the sports.
Education has played a significant role in the choice of my leisure activities considering. I take classes in physical education, sociology, and kinesiology. The most influential of these classes upon the increased enthusiasm in outdoor physical activity is the kinesiology classes. While undertaking these leisure activities is not directly initiated by the current leisure control lessons I am undertaking in kinesiology, the motivation to participate in healthy leisure activities is a causal result of this knowledge. The training has fortified my attitudes to healthy leisure, enhanced my behavioral control, and intentions shaped my intentions to continue to become a role model to my clients in future.
My education level has also shaped the way I perceive leisure. As a college student, I have reduced the amount of time I spend going out to picnics compared to the period before joining college. It is my belief that picnic is an excellent way to socialize, and cannot associate higher learning with the shunning of picnic activities. The drop in picnic activities is attributed to the peer influence that comes with being in college. After all, I still want to appear cool among my college peers.
Education has also enhanced my capability to participate in leisure activities with enhanced coordination. I have developed the capacity to understand the positive impacts different kinds of leisure activities, as outlined in a research by Hagger, Chatzisarantis, Culverhouse, and Biddle (2003). I have rescheduled the amount of time spent watching television and socializing on online platforms, and allotted this time to hanging out with friends and doing outdoor activities. With increase participation on outdoor activities, I have been able to improve on healthy living while also fostering social relationships.
The leisure map enabled me to establish running and going to the gym as the key ways that I spend my leisure activities. Running acts as the major outdoor activity while going to the gym provides the indoor source of leisure. I have also established that the major socio-cultural determinants of the leisure activities undertaken at a particular time or place are the environment and social conditions. My outdoor activities have been shaped by the fact that the neighborhood where I stay provides an ideal environment to undertake these activities. On the other, extreme weather conditions hamper the outdoor leisure activities, and in turn promotes indoor leisure activities. This assignment has provided me with the opportunity to evaluate the structure of my leisure activities. As a result, I have arrived at a better way to balance my activities, with outdoor activities receiving a bigger share of my time.
CDC. (2012, August 27). Physical Activity. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved February 5, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyplaces/healthtopics/physactivity.htm
GOV. (2013). Wellbeing. Better Health Channel. Retrieved January 31, 2014, from http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/wellbeing?open
Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., Culverhouse, T., & Biddle, S. J. (2003). The Processes By Which Perceived Autonomy Support In Physical Education Promotes Leisure-Time Physical Activity Intentions And Behavior: A Trans-Contextual Model.. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95(4), 784-795.
Hoffman, S. J. (2013). Introduction to kinesiology: studying physical activity (4th ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Kelly, J. R. (1980). Outdoor Recreation Participation: A Comparative Analysis. Leisure Sciences, 3(2), 129-154.
Klavora, P. (2010). Introduction to kinesiology: a sociocultural and behavioral perspective. Toronto: Kinesiology Books Publisher.
Prezi. (2013). Sociocultural Factors Affecting Leisure. prezi.com. Retrieved January 31, 2014, from http://prezi.com/hk_puczge4he/sociocultural-factors-affecting-leisure/
Wankel, L. M. (1994). Health and Leisure: Inextricably Linked. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 65(4), 28-31.
LEISURE MAPPING ESSAY 8
Running head: LEISURE MAPPING ESSAY 1
Manual Material Handling
Psychophysical approach is used widely to determine maximum acceptance disclosure limits for recurring sub-maximal work. This approach is being used to assess the stresses caused working by having subjects in workers or a laboratory on the work rate, their perceptions of work effort intensity.
Biomechanical approach is concerned with modeling and measuring the internal mechanical body tissue responses to the exterior physical demands of a work activity. Such external demands are direction and magnitude of forces applied while working, the locations where the exterior force exerted on the person, the posture needed to carry out the job and movement dynamics. The physiological approach is normally used to study recurring lifting whereby the load weight is assumed to be within the worker’s physical strength. There has been a substantial disparity between lifting capacity data reported by diverse researchers using different approaches. For instance, satisfactory weight limits for irregular lifting in relation to psychophysical approach. For recurring lifting, the highest acceptable weights based on the physiological approach, as compared to those linked to physiological methodology, are lower at low lifting frequencies and higher at high lifting frequencies. Physiological approach favor maximizing weight to lower frequency of lifting which is in disagreement with the biomechanical approach that suggest lowering the weight to avoid musculoskeletal and low back injuries. On the other hand, psychophysical fatigue approach favors using upper lifting frequencies (Fischer, 2011).
In my workplace, physiological approach may be used to evaluate workload associated with MMH. The energy used during work activity can be obtained in various ways with the most frequent being the measurement of heart rate, metabolic energy usage and oxygen consumption, which have been suggested to determine the maximum workload intensity that can be constantly performed without building up too much physical fatigue (Lang, 2000).
Fischer, S. (2011). A biomechanical investigation into the link between simulated job static strength and psychophysical strength. Ergonomics, 40(4), 23-100.
Lang, A. (2000). The correlation between biomechanical loads ad psychophysical ratings. Ergonomics, 54(2), 56-200.
MANUAL MATERIAL HANDLING 2
Running head: MANUAL MATERIAL HANDLING 1
Reduction of Fear by Intense Aerobic Exercise
Institution:ReferenceRationale/Previous researchSubjects/ParticipantsMeasures/TestsResultsDiscussion/Conclusion Heywood, N., Sabado, S. & De Leon, B. (2012). Reduction of Fear by Intense Aerobic Exercise Approaching
Physical Exhaustion. Psychology, 3(3): 613-615-The rationale behind the research emanates from the previous experiences of one of the researchers with a fear of flying. From a clinic however, the researcher was able to fly without fear after doing relaxation exercises to the point of exhaustion.
– Previous experiment by Strohie, Godemann, Heinz, Onken and Dimeo had demonstrated the use of aerobic exercise in the treatment of panic and panic attacks.
-Additionally, An experiment performed in 2003 demonstrated that exercise induces analgesia and sedation in the body (Heywood, Sabado & De Leon, 2012, p. 613). This research was conducted by Sparling, Giuffrida, Piomelli, Rosskoph & Deitrich, and suggests that this induction helps reduce fear among people.
-in relation, Boecker’s 2008 study of long distance athletes revealed that after a long distance running, the body releases endorphins(natural body chemicals), which give a euphoria-like state, with subjects in this experiment tested immediately after running and after 2 hours of endurance running
-A specific study by Kul et al on the effects of the Endorphins released by the body during physical exercise is the cause for the euphoric interest in physical exercise for analgesia and induction experienced after it.
– According to the study, endorphins released during physical exercise occupied similar receptor sites, which marijuana and opium occupy, raising the threshold of pain. Endorphins therefore could inhabit or increased the pain threshold of different people, which suggests the discovery of a new function of physiology.
-with such experiments showing the release of endorphins into the body and their effect, the study aimed at exploring the probable changes in fear of the research participants through physical exhaustion.
-The study had 10 participants, five of which were males and the other five being females. These had the age range of between 30 and 40 years.
-Data available prior to the experiment and preliminary interviews indicated the possession of significant varying degrees and diversified types of fear (Heywood et al., 2012, p. 613). The fears included certain insects, relationship with significant people, fears of the unknown or future life events and many others (Heywood et al., 2012, p. 613).
-The research included giving the participants honorarium that would cover their expenses in the one-week exercise.
-The test used by the researcher was the Fear Survey Schedule II (FSS II). Developed by James J Gear, the test measures human reaction to commonly occurring fears.
– In the instrument is a list of possible fear stirring situations and stimuli. The instrument then allows for the rating, by clients, their levels of distress or discomfort, with each rated on a 7-point scale according to the strength of the fear.
-The ratings on the scale, thus determine the how strong the fear is. Higher ratings indicate greater fear and vice versa.
– Specifically, The FSS II is considered a very reliable instrument with an internal consistency coefficient of .94 using Kuder Richardson formula 20 (Heywood et al., 2012, p. 614).
-For the procedure, the participants were divided into a single group who underwent similar evaluation to determine their physical fitness. It was important that participants’ physical fitness be evaluated to put them at par to the test that they would undertake.
-In addition to signing consent forms for their approval to join in the test, laboratory tests were also done to the participants for the determination of their fitness for the tests.
-Purposive sampling was used for the selection of the participants, with all having fears as indicated in the Fear Survey results.
– Professionals administered Participants’ tests. These included practicing psychologists and a medical doctor who performed the physical examination.
-The aerobic exercise was done under the instructions of different aerobic experts taking place in an air-conditioned gym located at the 35th floor of a building.
-The intense exercises lasted between one and one-and-a-half hours with respondents making use of all gym equipments to their point of exhaustion.
-The whole experiment had 3 sessions, each lasting two to three hours with a one-day rest interval after every session.
-Participants were tested before and after the exercise using the Fear Questionnaire, with the after test given when there was verification of their exhaustion, to determine any possible changes in their fear levels.
-For the statistical analyses, apart from the FSS II instrument, the One Way Repeated Measures ANOVA test was used for the measurement of differences in the experimental intervention effect of the subjects through the examination of apparent changes in the individuals.
-An inclination towards this kind of procedure where difference between values is examined, rather than the absolute values removes any differences due to individual responses, producing a
more sensitive and more powerful test (Heywood et al., 2012, p. 614).
-Initial pre-exercise tests indicated very high levels of fear with a 162.60 mean rating. The post exercise results however indicate a decrease in the fear levels. Post-test 1 gave a mean of 143.30 as the fear level, post-test two at 122.10 and post-test 3 at 109.10. The results therefore indicate that with continued intensive aerobic exercise, it is possible to reduce the fear level from high to average as indicated by the respondents’ statistical results.-According to the researchers, the experiment was a pilot study to bring to the attention of the psychological community the fact that fearlessness could actually be produced by physical exhaustion.
– A flaw in the experiment was however the fact that it lacked a control group. This was as a result of a limited budget that could therefore only cater for the ten participants.
-Although the small number of participants is unlikely to result into proven scientific proof of the results of the experiment, other experiments, although unknown to the researchers have proven that the researchers’ results are correct, although no conclusions can be drawn from the small research results.
-Even with the inability to draw conclusions from the results due to its miniature size, the research can be a platform for further understanding of the probable effects of exercise in assuaging some mental health associated ailments.
-The experiment also brings forth an important discovery in the use of endorphins released after intensive aerobic physical exercise. The release of the chemical into the body system, therefore reduces anxiety and fear levels after an undertaking of the intensive physical exercise, thus the success of the experiment.
-It is important that such a therapy be employed on soldiers returning home and undergoing treatment for posttraumatic test disorder. Engaging them in physical exercises may help reduce the fear and therefore heighten the chances of success of therapy. This is especially important since fear related stress is so powerful that it causes repression of memories (Heywood et al., 2012, p. 615), which ultimately reduces the chances of success of therapy
Reduction of fear by intense aerobic Exercise 6
Running head: Reduction of fear by intense aerobic Exercise 1
Band of Republicans
How does the Republican Party Look like Today
The republic party, especially after its two consecutive humiliating defeats by the Democratic Party, looks like an all-time low party that is almost giving in to the political temperatures from its opponent. The 2012 USA general elections tainted a negative image against the Republican Party, after losing to an incumbent Democratic presidential candidate who had relatively lower approval ratings (Aberbach, and Gillian 47). The loss was a major blow to this party owing to the much confidence they had in capturing the main seat. This irony of massive loss surprised many, who believed in Republican Party’s stake in taking over the government, even the Gallop polling system was reversed, after it consistently approved Republican Presidential candidate as the most preferred choice. The status of disillusionment and confusion is what engulfs the entire party, and this presents its current appearance and social position.
The most prominent Republican Party members include Mit Romney, who suffered a humiliating defeat in the hands of Barack Obama. Other consequential members in the Party include Former George W. Bush chief speechwriter Michael Gerson and Republican stalwart Peter Wehner.
The objectives of the influential Republican Party members remain within the public institutionalism, and creating awareness to the American Citizens. The Republican Party stands to offer checks and balances on Democrats. These objectives are administered in line with the constitution of the USA. In addition, the Republican Party is obliged by its post-election manifesto to foster unity and social reforms in the American Institution.
Domestic policies anchored by the Republican Party includes, restitution of social structures, where they would support equality in America. In addition, the Party intends to adopt friendly policies to the millenials, who form the greatest percentage of the American Voting block. Such policies include preferences to the youths and the minority groups. Government support in terms of finance remains key to domestic policy of the Republican Party, and this platform is expected to sail them into their future political endeavors (Anderson 122). On the other hand, protection of minority rights and freedom remains a key pillar of Republican Party. This element form part of the foreign policy that intends to culminate unforeseen resistance to the Americans. Foreign policy equally includes good trade accord that would see bilateral trade with other social backgrounds.
Aberbach, Joel D, and Gillian Peele. Crisis of Conservatism?: The Republican Party, the Conservative Movement and American Politics After Bush. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Print.
Anderson, Dale. The Republican Party: The Story of the Grand Old Party. Minneapolis, Minn: Compass Point Books, 2007. Print.